Veterinary dental pathology can be difficult to detect and diagnose. Dental inspections are important to detect and treat a range of pathologies that can lead to further complications and even systemic disease if not detected and diagnosed early.

A full dental inspection can only be undertaken on an anaesthetised animal. Best practice dental inspections follow a set path so that no single tooth is missed. Each tooth pathology is recorded on the dental chart where appropriate treatments and medication are also recorded. include a full pathology list and provide in app tool tips to aid in educating staff and correct diagnosis.

Periodontal Pathologies

Calculus is the hard brown – yellow coloured material resulting from mineralised plaque. The ‘CALCULUS INDEX’ (CI#) refers to the amount of calculus on an individual tooth and is measured on a scale of 0 – 4. 0 representing no observable calculus to 4 covering over 75% of the buccal tooth surface.

CI 1

Calculus build up covering up to 25% of the buccal tooth surface


CI 2

Calculus build up on 25 – 50% of the buccal tooth surface


Gingival recession occurs as consequence of periodontal attachment loss observed as loss of alveolar bone, periodontal ligament and exposure of the tooth root.

Oral Medicine